noun; each of the twelve chief disciples of Jesus Christ
Simon was born in Bethsaida, near the Sea of Galilee. His brother Andrew introduced him to Jesus and was also a disciple. Jesus renamed Simon, Peter, and professed he would be a “Fisher of Men”.
Peter is called “The First Apostle” because he was the first apostle Jesus appeared to after his death and resurrection. Peter is also listed first in all New Testament accounts. After Jesus’ crucifixion Peter became the leader of the Christian Community in Jerusalem.
The Roman Catholic Church considers him to be the first pope, ordained by Jesus in Matthew 16:18; Jesus says “Upon this rock, I will build my church” in the same verse. And “I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven” in Matthew 16:19. Two crossed keys is one of Peter’s symbols.
The Emperor Nero condemned him to death, blaming The Great Fire of Rome on Christians. Peter died by inverted crucifixion because he did not feel worthy to die as Jesus The Messiah did. The Basilica of Saint Peter is built upon his burial site.
The name Peter is Greek and means stone or rock.
His feast day is June 29.
“Let your beauty be not just the outward adorning of braiding the hair, and of wearing jewels of gold, or of putting on fine clothing; but in the hidden person of the heart, in the incorruptible adornment of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God very precious.”
1 Peter 3:3-4 (as quoted in World English Bible)